3. The country of Georgia is nearly 84% Orthodox Christian. Christianity became the official religion in the fourth century.
4. The capital of Georgia, which is a republic, is T'bilisi. Georgia is has a unicameral parliament (there is only one house of parliament).
5. The leader of Georgia is President Mikheil Saakashvili. He has been president since 2004. In the last election in 2008, he won more than 53% of the vote despite two other contenders.
6. Georgia attained independence from the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991. Prior to that, it was called the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.
7. The breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the north have long been outside of the control of the Georgian government. They have their own de-facto governments, are supported by Russia, and Russian troops are stationed there.
8. A mere 1.5% of the Georgian population are ethnic Russians. Major ethnic groups in Georgia include Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5% (from Azerbaijan), and Armenian 5.7%.
10. Georgia has a pleasant Mediterranean-type climate due to its latitudinal location along the Black Sea but suffers from earthquakes as a hazard.
For more information about Georgia, visit my Maps and Geography of Georgia page.