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States of Mexico

Learn about the 31 States and 1 Federal District of Mexico

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Mexico Flag

The Mexico flag has three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; the coat of arms (an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its beak) is centered in the white band.

Source: CIA World Factbook, 2007
Updated May 29, 2014

Mexico, officially called the United Mexican States, is a federal republic located in North America. It is south of the United States and north of Guatemala and Belize. It is also bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. It has a total area of 758,450 square miles (1,964,375 sq km), which makes it the fifth largest country by area in the America's and the 14th largest in the world. Mexico has a population of 112,468,855 (July 2010 estimate) and its capital and largest city is Mexico City.

Mexico is divided into 32 federal entities, of which 31 are states and one is a federal district. The following is a list of Mexico's 31 states and one federal district arranged by area. The population (as of 2009) and capital of each have also been included for reference.

Federal District

Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico)
• Area: 573 square miles (1,485 sq km)
• Population: 8,720,916
Note: This is a separate city from the 31 states, similar to Washington, D.C. in the United States.

States

1) Chihuahua
• Area: 95,543 square miles (247,455 sq km)
• Population: 3,376,062
• Capital: Chihuahua

2) Sonora
• Area: 69,306 square miles (179,503 sq km)
• Population: 2,499,263
• Capital: Hermosillo

3) Coahuila
• Area: 58,519 square miles (151,503 sq km)
• Population: 2,615,574
• Capital: Saltillo

4) Durango
• Area: 47,665 square miles (123,451 sq km)
• Population: 1,547,597
• Capital: Victoria de Durango

5) Oaxaca
• Area: 36,214 square miles (93,793 sq km)
• Population: 3,551,710
• Capital: Oaxaca de Juárez

6) Tamaulipas
• Area: 30,956 square miles (80,175 sq km)
• Population: 3,174,134
• Capital: Ciudad Victoria

7) Jalisco
• Area: 30,347 square miles (78,599 sq km)
• Population: 6,989,304
• Capital: Guadalajara

8) Zacatecas
• Area: 29,166 square miles (75,539 sq km)
• Population: 1,380,633
• Capital: Zacatecas

9) Baja California Sur
• Area: 28,541 square miles (73,922 sq km)
• Population: 558,425
• Capital: La Paz

10) Chiapas
• Area: 28,297 square miles (73,289 sq km)
• Population: 4,483,886
• Capital: Tuxtla Gutiérrez

11) Veracruz
• Area: 27,730 square miles (71,820 sq km)
• Population: 7,270,413
• Capital: Xalapa-Enriquez

12) Baja California
• Area: 27,585 square miles (71,446 sq km)
• Population: 3,122,408
• Capital: Mexicali

13) Nuevo León
• Area: 24,795 square miles (64,220 sq km)
• Population: 4,420,909
• Capital: Monterrey

14) Guerrero
• Area: 24,564 square miles (63,621 sq km)
• Population: 3,143,292
• Capital: Chilpancingo de los Bravo

15) San Luis Potosí
• Area: 23,545 square miles (60,983 sq km)
• Population: 2,479,450
• Capital: San Luis Potosí

16) Michoacán
• Area: 22,642 square miles (58,643 sq km)
• Population: 3,971,225
• Capital: Morelia

17) Campeche
• Area: 22,365 square miles (57,924 sq km)
• Population: 791,322
• Capital: San Francisco de Campeche

18) Sinaloa
• Area: 22,153 square miles (57,377 sq km)
• Population: 2,650,499
• Capital: Culiacan Rosales

19) Quintana Roo
• Area: 16,356 square miles (42,361 sq km)
• Population: 1,290,323
• Capital: Chetumal

20) Yucatán
• Area: 15,294 square miles (39,612 sq km)
• Population: 1,909,965
• Capital: Mérida

21) Puebla
• Area: 13,239 square miles (34,290 sq km)
• Population: 5,624,104
• Capital: Puebla de Zaragoza

22) Guanajuato
• Area: 11,818 square miles (30,608 sq km)
• Population: 5,033,276
• Capital: Guanajuato

23) Nayarit
• Area: 10,739 square miles (27,815 sq km)
• Population: 968,257
• Capital: Tepic

24) Tabasco
• Area: 9551 square miles (24,738 sq km)
• Population: 2,045,294
• Capital: Villahermosa

25) México
• Area: 8,632 square miles (22,357 sq km)
• Population: 14,730,060
• Capital: Toluca de Lerdo

26) Hidalgo
• Area: 8,049 square miles (20,846 sq km)
• Population: 2,415,461
• Capital: Pachuca de Soto

27) Querétaro
• Area: 4,511 square miles (11,684 sq km)
• Population: 1,705,267
• Capital: Santiago de Querétaro

28) Colima
• Area: 2,172 square miles (5,625 sq km)
• Population: 597,043
• Capital: Colima

29) Aguascalientes
• Area: 2,169 square miles (5,618 sq km)
• Population: 1,135,016
• Capital: Aguascalientes

30) Morelos
• Area: 1,889 square miles (4,893 sq km)
• Population: 1,668,343
• Capital: Cuernavaca

31) Tlaxcala
• Area: 1,541 square miles (3,991 sq km)
• Population: 1,127,331
• Capital: Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl

References

Central Intelligence Agency. (27 October 2010). CIA - The World Factbook - Mexico. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html

Wikipedia.org. (31 October 2010). Mexico - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico

Wikipedia.org. (27 October 2010). Political Divisions of Mexico - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_divisions_of_Mexico

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