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Countries of Central America and the Caribbean by Area

List of the 20 Countries of Central American and the Caribbean Regions

By

Nicaragua Flag

Nicaragua is the largest country in the region Caribbean and Central America.

Source: CIA World Factbook, 2007

Central America is a region at the center of the two of the American continents. It represents the southernmost part of the North American continent and it contains an isthmus that connects North America to South America. The mainland portion of the region consists of seven different countries but 13 Caribbean nations are also normally counted as a part of Central America. Central America shares borders with Mexico to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Colombia to the south and the Caribbean Sea to the east.

The following is a list of the countries of Central America and the Caribbean arranged by area. For reference the countries on the mainland portion of Central America are marked with an asterisk (*). The 2011 population estimates and capitals of each country have also been included. All information was obtained from the CIA World Factbook.

1) Nicaragua*
Area: 50,336 square miles (130,370 sq km)
Population: 5,666,301
Capital: Managua

2) Honduras*
Area: 43,278 square miles (112,090 sq km)
Population: 8,143,564
Capital: Tegucigalpa

3) Cuba
Area: 42,803 square miles (110,860 sq km)
Population: 11,087,330
Capital: Havana

4) Guatemala*
Area: 42,042 square miles (108,889 sq km)
Population: 13,824,463
Capital: Guatemala City

5) Panama*
Area: 29,119 square miles (75,420 sq km)
Population: 3,460,462
Capital: Panama City

6) Costa Rica*
Area: 19,730 square miles (51,100 sq km)
Population: 4,576,562
Capital: San Jose

7) Dominican Republic
Area: 18,791 square miles (48,670 sq km)
Population: 9,956,648
Capital: Santo Domingo

8) Haiti
Area: 10,714 square miles (27,750 sq km)
Population: 9,719,932
Capital: Port au Prince

9) Belize*
Area: 8,867 square miles (22,966 sq km)
Population: 321,115
Capital: Belmopan

10) El Salvador*
Area: 8,124 square miles (21,041 sq km)
Population: 6,071,774
Capital: San Salvador

11) The Bahamas
Area: 5,359 square miles (13,880 sq km)
Population: 313,312
Capital: Nassau

12) Jamaica
Area: 4,243 square miles (10,991 sq km)
Population: 2,868,380
Capital: Kingston

13) Trinidad and Tobago
Area: 1,980 square miles (5,128 sq km)
Population: 1,227,505
Capital: Port of Spain

14) Dominica
Area: 290 square miles (751 sq km)
Population: 72,969
Capital: Roseau

15) Saint Lucia
Area: 237 square miles (616 sq km)
Population: 161,557
Capital: Castries

16) Antigua and Barbuda
Area: 170 square miles (442 sq km)
Population: 87,884
Capital: Saint John's

17) Barbados
Area: 166 square miles (430 sq km)
Population: 286,705
Capital: Bridgetown

18) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Area: 150 square miles (389 sq km)
Population: 103,869
Capital: Kingstown

19) Grenada
Area: 133 square miles (344 sq km)
Population: 108,419
Capital: Saint George's

20) Saint Kitts and Nevis
Area: 100 square miles (261 sq km)
Population: 50,314
Capital: Basseterre

Reference

Rosenberg, Matt. (10 July 2011) "Official Listing of Countries by World Region." Geography at About.com. Retrieved from: http://geography.about.com/od/lists/a/officiallist.htm

Wikipedia.org. (24 July 2011). Central America - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_America

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