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Countries of the Mediterranean Region

List of the 21 Countries Bordering the Mediterranean Sea

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Capri, Mediterranean Sea

Marina Grande Harbor in the City of Capri, an Italian island off the Sorrentine Peninsula on the south side of Gulf of Naples in the Mediterranean Sea.

VisionsofAmerica/Joe Sohm/Getty Images
Updated June 03, 2014

The Mediterranean Sea is a large sea that is located between Europe, northern Africa and southwestern Asia. Its total area is 970,000 square miles (2,500,000 sq km) and its greatest depth is located off the coast of Greece at around 16,800 feet (5,121 m) deep. Due to the Mediterranean's large size and central location, it borders 21 different nations on three continents.

The following is a list of the 21 nations with coastlines along the Mediterranean Sea. They are arranged alphabetically and separated by continent. Their land area, populations and capital cities have also been included for reference. All of the information about each nation was obtained from the CIA World Factbook and population estimates are from July 2011.

Africa

1) Algeria

• Area: 919,595 square miles (2,381,741 sq km)
• Population: 34,994,937
• Capital: Algiers

2) Egypt

• Area: 386,662 square miles (1,001,450 sq km)
• Population: 82,079,636
• Capital: Cairo
Note: Most of Egypt is considered to be in Africa but its Sinai Peninsula is in Asia.

3) Libya

• Area: 679,362 square miles (1,759,540 sq km)
• Population: 6,597,960
• Capital: Tripoli

4) Morocco

• Area: 172,414 square miles (446,550 sq km)
• Population: 31,968,361
• Capital: Rabat

5) Tunisia

• Area: 63,170 square miles (163,610 sq km)
• Population: 10,629,186
• Capital: Tunis

Asia

6) Cyprus

• Area: 3,572 square miles (9,251 sq km)
• Population: 1,120,489
• Capital: Nicosia

7) Israel

• Area: 8,019 square miles (20,770 sq km)
• Population: 7,473,052
• Capital: Jerusalem

8) Lebanon

• Area: 4,015 square miles (10,400 sq km)
• Population: 4,143,101
• Capital: Beirut

9) Syria

• Area: 714,498 square miles (185,180 sq km)
• Population: 22,517,750
• Capital: Damascus

Europe

10) Albania

• Area: 11,099 square miles (28,748 sq km)
• Population: 2,994,667
• Capital: Tirana

11) Bosnia and Herzegovina

• Area: 19,767 square miles (51,197 sq km)
• Population: 4,622,163
• Capital: Sarajevo

12) Croatia

• Area: 21,851 square miles (56,594 sq km)
• Population: 4,483,804
• Capital: Zagreb

13) France

• Area: 248,573 square miles (643,801 sq km)
• Population: 65,312,249
• Capital: Paris

14) Greece

• Area: 50,949 square miles (131,957 sq km)
• Population: 10,760,136
• Capital: Athens

15) Italy

• Area: 116,348 square miles (301,340 sq km)
• Population: 61,016,804
• Capital: Rome

16) Malta

• Area: 122 square miles (316 sq km)
• Population: 408,333
• Capital: Valletta

17) Monaco

• Area: 0.77 square miles (2 sq km)
• Population: 30,539
• Capital: Monaco

18) Montenegro

• Area: 5,333 square miles (13,812 sq km)
• Population: 661,807
• Capital: Podgorica

19) Slovenia

• Area: 7,827 square miles (20,273 sq km)
• Population: 2,000,092
• Capital: Ljubljana

20) Spain

• Area: 195,124 square miles (505,370 sq km)
• Population: 46,754,784
• Capital: Madrid

21) Turkey

• Area: 302,535 square miles (783,562 sq km)
• Population: 78,785,548
• Capital: Ankara

Reference

Wikipedia.org. (18 April 2011). Mediterranean Sea - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_Sea

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