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Hazards and Disasters

Articles and information about hazards that humans face and the disasters that occur. Includes resources on natural and man-made disasters and hazards.

The Geography of Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy's historical destruction to the Eastern Seaboard of the United States began with its landfall on October 29, 2012, and continued for nearly a week's time, across a dozen states, which resulted in billions of dollars of cumulative damage. Learn about the geographic factors that led to the destruction.

The Disaster Cycle
Learn about the disaster cycle - how preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation fit into the disaster management life cycle.

Deadliest Tsunamis
Refer to this list to learn about the world's ten deadliest tsunamis.

Preparing a Disaster Supply Kit
An overview of the items that each household should have on hand in their disaster supplies kit.

Deadly United States Tornadoes
Read this article to learn about the ten most deadly tornadoes in the United States since the 1800s.

Geography and Overview of Tsunamis
Read this article to learn about tsunamis. Learn about the causes and movement of tsunamis, as well as the difference between a tsunami watch and warning and information on some large tsunamis.

Deadly United States Disasters
Refer to this list to learn about the ten deadliest natural disasters in the United States.

World's Worst Disasters
Information and a listing about the worst disasters in world history, based on total number of deaths. This listing of the world's worst disasters is part of the expert Geography at About.com GuideSite.

Mass Wasting and Landslides
A comprehensive overview of mass wasting and mass movement events along with landslides and avalanches and other downhill movement of earth. An overview of mass wasting and landslides from your About.com expert Geography GuideSite.

Acid Rain - Causes, Effects, and Solutions
An overview of acid rain and its history, causes, effects, solutions to how it is being mitigated in our environment.

Avalanches - An Overview of Avalanches
Learn about the deadly hazards of the mountains, avalanches.

California Earthquake - Information About California's Recent…
This page provides clear direction for locating information about California earthquakes that have just occurred or past historical California earthquakes.

Deadliest World Hurricanes - The Deadliest Hurricanes Around the World
A listing of the deadliest hurricanes in the world since the year 1900, a top ten list of the deadliest world hurricanes and cyclones. From your About.com expert Guide to Geography.

Drought: Its Causes, Stages, and Problems
A comprehensive overview of drought. Provides the definition of drought, the causes of drought, economic effects of drought, and how drought can be controlled.

Earthquake Facts - An Overview of Earthquakes
A thorough overview of earthquakes and earthquake facts from the About.com Geography site and intern Amanda Briney.

El Nino - El Nino and La Nina Overview
An understandable overview of El Nino and La Nina and its affects on the world climate from your expert About.com Guide to Geography.

Floods and Flooding - An Overview of Floods and Flooding
River and coastal flooding are the most frequently occurring natural disaster and floods are increasing in occurrence more rapidly than any other disaster. This article from Geography at About.com provides an overview of flooding and floods.

Fujita Scale - The Fujita Scale for Tornado Damage
Ted Fujita developed a scale, called the Fujita Scale, to measure tornado damage that helps us to classify nature's most violent storms. Learn about the Fujita scale from your About.com Guide to Geography.

Frequency of Earthquakes
A chart showing the number of earthquakes based on magnitude, from your About.com Guide to Geography.

Hurricane Names
A list of the official hurricane names.

An overview of the terrible storms known as hurricanes. Find out how they are born and die.

Modified Mercalli Scale
The 12-step scale used to measure the felt and observed intensity of earthquakes.

Mount Pinatubo Eruption
The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines killed hundreds and damaged thousands of homes but equally ominous were the climatic effects the volcano had upon the entire planet for several years following the eruption. Learn more about the Mount Pinatubo eruption from your About.com Guide to Geography.

Prepare for Tsunami
Learn how to prepare yourself and your family for a tsunami. Find out what to do if you live in a tsunami hazard area, learn what a tsunami warning means, discover what to do when you feel a strong earthquake near the coast, and learn some common tsunami myths.

Retired Hurricane Names
A list of hurricane names that have been retired.

Tornado - Overview of Tornadoes
Everything you ever wanted to know about tornadoes and tornado alley. Tornadoes are the most destructive of any local atmospheric phenomena.

Wildland Fire
An overview of wildland fires, the fire triangle, and human impacts on wildland fires, from the About.com expert Geography GuideSite.

Mount St. Helens
Mount St. Helens: Read this article to learn about Mount St. Helens. Learn about Mount St. Helens[!*!AP!*!] location, geography, 1980 eruption, natural rebound and recent volcanic activity from Geography at About.com.

Environmental Refugees
Those displaced from their home due to environmental disasters are not considered refugees by the international community. Learn all about environmental refugees and their situation, from the About.com Geography GuideSite.

Geography of Intense United States Hurricanes
Geography of Intense U.S. Hurricanes: Read this article to learn about the top ten most intense hurricanes that have hit the United States. Learn about their categories, locations, costs and death tolls from Geography at About.com.

Geography of Sinkholes
Geography of Sinkholes: Read this article to learn about why and where sinkholes form on Earth from Geography at About.com.

2010 Hurricane Names
A list of the official hurricane names for 2010. The rotating list of names of hurricanes changes each year; this is the 2010 list of hurricane names from your About.com expert Guide to Geography.

Hurricane Katrina Five Years Later
A New Orleans geographer reflects on Hurricane Katrina and the recovery of New Orleans five years later. From the About.com geography site.

Santa Ana Winds
Santa Ana Winds: Read this article to learn about Southern California's Santa Ana Winds. Learn about their formation and causes as well as their impacts from Geography at About.com.

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