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Why was the capital of China once called Peking but is now called Beijing?

Prior to 1958, the Chinese government used the Wade-Giles system to transliterate Chinese characters into the Roman alphabet. After 1958 the government switched, and the rest of the world followed, to the pinyin system of transliteration so now we call the capital city Beijing (pinyin) instead of Peking (Wade-Giles).

 

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