What does the word geography mean?The word geography was invented by the ancient Greek scholar Eratosthenes and literally means "writing about the earth." The word can be divided into two parts - ge and graphy. Ge means the earth and graphy refers to writing.
Of course, geography today means much more than writing about the earth but it's a difficult discipline to define. Many geographers have done their best to define geography using a few words but a typical dictionary definition today reads, "The science of the earth's physical features, resources, climate, population, etc."